China’s Change 5 spacecraft landed on the moon and began collecting soil samples that will be delivered to Earth.
It is planned that the lander will collect about 2 kg of lunar soil in a few days, including at a depth of up to 2 m below the lunar surface.
The first study of the lunar soil was carried out by the Soviet automatic station “Luna-13” in December 1966. The first samples of lunar soil were delivered to Earth by the crew of the Apollo 11 spacecraft in July 1969. And the last samples of lunar soil were to Earth in August 1976 by the Soviet mission “Moon 24”.